The Internet of Things (IoT) is growing rapidly. There are a lot of things that were only on the drawing board a few years ago or even a few months ago that are now becoming reality. There has been one limiting factor, though: bandwidth. Despite their good range, cellular networks offer limited bandwidth. The problem with Wi-Fi is its limited range and insecurity.
The growth of 5G might change that. As a result of 5G, cellular bandwidth will increase dramatically, allowing the Internet of Things to network a huge number of devices more easily.
5G: What is it?
Cellular networks are having a revolution with 5G. The 4G standard, which is currently available, offers upload speeds ranging from 7 Mbps to 17 Mbps and download speeds ranging from 12 to 36 Mbps. The 5G transmission speed may reach 20 or 15 Gbps. Not megabytes, but gigabytes. Furthermore, the number of devices that can be connected will multiply tenfold. It will take only a few seconds for a 5G phone to load an HD feature film in full length.
With 5G, bandwidth restrictions will be lifted, at least until usage grows to surpass it.
5G will change the face of the Internet of Things in several ways
IoT will benefit from 5G because of its latency and bandwidth improvements. In addition to transportation, agriculture, and smart cities, IoT applications will also benefit from cellular and mobile connectivity. New applications and use cases could also become a reality for the first time with 5G, like connected cars, which require low-latency, lightning-fast technologies.
Along with these cutting-edge applications, many industries today require highly reliable, low-latency wireless links to power their existing IoT applications quickly.
An increase in connected devices enables smart cities and buildings
Smart cities and buildings will be able to deploy many more sensors as a result of the increase in the number of connected devices. Smart city sensors are currently relatively limited; they’re generally mounted on lampposts and cover an area very coarsely. With 5G, small sensors can be swarming an area unnoticed. This allows applications ranging from detecting pedestrian motion to turning on lighting. With current systems, there is a risk that the lights will fail to detect a stationary person and turn off.
The Bluetooth technologies used inside buildings are already allowing equipment, vehicles, and people to be tracked. The Internet of Things will be able to transmit more data with 5G, however. Think about hospital beds with continuous vitals updates for the doctors.
Traffic Control is Improved by AI Integration
Thousands of cameras in a smart city would be useful for directing traffic to avoid accidents, or showing how to find parking. Autonomous vehicles will also become more popular. The use of 5G networking with the Internet of Things allows cars to talk to one another and their surroundings, reducing the risk of accidents and improving traffic patterns. When all these factors are combined, traffic jams will be reduced, commute times will be shortened, and energy will be saved by reducing idling time at red lights or standing in line.
As well as recording the conditions of oil and brakes, the cars can also inform their owners and connect them directly to a suitable repair facility. Further, manufacturers could use the data generated from self-driving cars to improve the software and design of the cars in the future.
The TeleHealth industry
Currently, Telehealth takes an hour or two to connect with a doctor in rural areas, and it is susceptible to blackouts.
With 5G, internet speeds will increase in remote areas, and robotic surgery may become a reality in small rural clinics using specialist surgeons. In conjunction with the personal medical kits being developed, people with contagious diseases can also be diagnosed remotely, without having to come into an office or hospital and spread the disease.
Besides increasing patient engagement and improving outcomes, wearable health monitors are expected to reduce hospital costs, which will free up money that can be spent elsewhere.
The retail sector
When you walk into a store, your phone… or better yet, your AR glasses, can tell you exactly where an item you are looking for is. With virtual reality, a dress can be looked at and a picture of you wearing it will appear on your gear. Shopping will be much more comfortable and enjoyable if tags and signage are used smartly. Someday, you might even be able to print your clothes based on your measurements.
With 5G and the Internet of Things, you could easily inform the hostess before walking into a restaurant where you have a reservation how many people are in your party, if you have any food allergies, etc.
Supply chain integration
With IoT in manufacturing, factories and warehouses are already using real-time inventory tracking for inventory control and tracking parts, products, and equipment throughout the cycle. A 5G system will enable seamless product tracking from manufacturing to end-user, without checking items in and out. Vendors will be alerted when products are delivered, and when those are lost during transit.
This will reduce costs, improve customer service, and reduce product loss. Law enforcement can also track missing parcels with such 5G tags if the tags are cheap enough.It allows for tracking and improving processes for the industry.
The Slicing of Networks
The ability to implement virtual networks is one of the most appealing features of 5G. Subnets can be divided by traffic priority in these networks. In a hospital, for example, a network could be designed in such a way that it prioritized a connection between a surgeon and a robot over, for example, communication between patients. Therefore, even if the network is reaching capacity, emergency transmissions can still be protected.
We will live in a much more connected world over the next few years, as the internet of things transforms our lives. As 5G slowly rolls out, it will enable greater connectivity. We’re going to see smarter cities, smarter cars, and smarter packages that let us know they’ve arrived at our door. It is clear that 5G is on the horizon, and it’s going to be quite a revolution.