Choose the right framework from Angular, Vue, and React
The popularity of front-end frameworks is increasing as it allows individuals and businesses alike to automate and speed up the development of complex applications. This technology continues to advance and has revolutionized web development.
The three front-end technologies we will compare today are React, Angular, and Vue. By breaking down each framework, you can get a feel for which one is best for you.
An introduction to the frameworks
We will go over the terms “front-end” and “back-end” briefly since they are often used in the field of web development. On a website, the front-end is everything that users can interact with. Backend is the part of a website whose logic and functionality are handled behind the scenes.
The complexity of building web applications has grown over the years as the web has evolved. For example, individuals and organizations have created tools, libraries, and frameworks that simplify and speed up the development process.
React, Vue, and Angular offers a range of tools and code that allow developers to create powerful web applications without having to write any code themselves. As a result, development times are drastically reduced, and stress goes down. For this reason, mastering a front-end framework is crucial if you want to be hired as a front-end developer.
An introduction to Vue, React, and Angular
React.js, Vue.js, and Angular are three of the biggest and most popular front-end frameworks of 2020. Several of these frameworks are highly popular among developers for building modern and complex user interfaces. They each have a distinct history.
- Vue: Vue is also called Vue.js and it is the youngest of the three. Over the past few years, it has become increasingly popular after being developed by ex-Google employee Evan You. Despite its less popularity than React, it is still used by large companies such as 9Gag, Alibaba, and Gitlab.
Review of advantages and limitations
It can be difficult to choose a framework based on technology. Remember that no one framework is better than another. Each one of them has its strengths and weaknesses, so it all comes down to what suits you best.
There are several factors to consider when determining your framework of choice, which we’ll discuss today. In the end, however, choose the one you prefer.
- Because of React’s Virtual DOM implementation and rendering optimizations, it is fast.
- The Create Responsive App template generator offers outstanding Progressive Web App (PWA) support.
- As a result of its functional programming framework and component architecture, React creates modularized designs. Apps can be maintained and built upon in this way, allowing complex infrastructure to be developed and scaled more easily.
- Developers use React because it is a very non-opinionated technology, so they can make their own design decisions.
- It can be difficult to keep up with the current documentation for React because the technology is constantly evolving.
- Newer developers may have trouble learning the basics of react because it uses JSX, though there are some benefits as well.
- The type checking and external tooling that Angular uses are made possible by Typescript.
- Google supports Angular, meaning it is a reliable platform. The documents and community are detailed, so it’s an easy framework to learn.
- An Angular language service provides autocomplete in component HTML templates, rapidly speeding up your development process.
- There are different structures offered by Angular, including injectable, components, pipelines, modules, and more. The component-based approach of Vue and React makes it more challenging to learn.
- It has slower performance as it uses the actual DOM, but it can be handled manually through its ChangeDetectionStrategy.
- In addition to single-page applications, Vue can be used for more complicated interfaces. A Vue application can be easily integrated into an existing infrastructure without negatively impacting it.
- Angular is slower than Vue because of its virtual DOM. The small size and flexible nature of Vue enable better performance when compared to other frameworks, as well.
- Due to its relative youth and smaller market share, Vue offers fewer resources than React and Angular. Therefore, there is less support and knowledge sharing.
Philosophies of frameworks
In addition to rendering elements to the DOM, React offers a lightweight library for controlling them effectively.
Using React, you can generate components and subcomponents, which you can think of like UI pieces for a web page. Additionally, React provides several tools that let you define how your components will be rendered.
Additionally, React offers third-party packages such as React Router, a library for dynamic, client-side routing that prevents browsers from refreshing.
In comparison to the other two frameworks, Angular offers the most functionality, including control over UI, input validation, routing, state management, testing, and PWA capability. While React focuses on providing a limited set of tools, Angular provides a comprehensive set of tools.
Angular projects can also be managed via its official CLI, which makes adding dependencies and deploying easier. Angular does not use the real DOM, so its performance in loading dynamic web applications is impacted.
In many ways, Vue is like a middle ground between React and Angular. Compared to React, it offers more tools, but fewer than Angular. A state management component and a router are built-in.
Form validation and HTTP client functionality, however, are not supported. Performance is faster and bug-free with the virtual DOM in Vue.
Using Vue, you can create reusable components and interfaces.
The following are other factors to be considered
Additionally, performance and learning curve are two other factors that were briefly mentioned.
- Achieving performance: All three frameworks are great in terms of performance, so you shouldn’t have to worry about it with any of them. Based on start-time and run-time metrics, all 3 frameworks are fast. Although Angular apps are more complex than React or Vue applications, this shouldn’t affect your app unless you have a small one.